Theme Extensions

Using Theme Color Presets

A color preset is what identifies a website or a group or content-related websites.

A preset usually includes a:

  • primary color: the color that visually identifies the website. It will be applied to heading H1 elements and the website title in the left navigation.
  • hero banner: a background image with certain visual patterns to be used in the website's landing page. The banner should have the same or similar colors to the primary color.

Here is the list of the available presets:

  • base
  • merchantCenterDeveloperDocs
  • merchantCenterUserDocs
  • platformDeveloperDocs

Usage

In your gatsby-config.js:

const colorPresets = require('@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-docs/color-presets');
module.exports = {
// ... other site config
plugins: [
...configureThemeWithAddOns({
// ... other theme config
colorPreset: colorPresets.platformDeveloperDocs.key,
}),
],
};

Using Theme with Add-Ons

A theme add-on is a Gatsby Theme that exposes React components to be injected into the MDX provider of the core theme.

Gatsby enables a child theme to use component shadowing (see Theme overrides). However, with multiple themes, the shadowed components are only loaded from the last theme in the Gatsby configuration. To solve this problem, a commercetools-docs Gatsby Theme can be used as an add-on, allowing multiple add-ons to provide additional components to be available in MDX without having to manually import them into every page.

When using add-on themes, a proxy export file will be generated in the websites src/@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-docs/overrides folder to leverage Gatsby's component shadowing (see Theme overrides). This file provides all the exported components from the add-on packages. For a component to be exported by an add-on package it has to be exported from shortcodes.js in the add-on package root.

To safely configure theme add-ons, use the configureThemeWithAddOns function in the websites's gatsby-config.js:

const {
configureThemeWithAddOns,
} = require('@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-docs/configure-theme');
module.exports = {
plugins: [
...configureThemeWithAddOns({
// Pass the normal theme options
websiteKey: 'my-website-key',
// Define and configure the add-on plugins instead of configuring them in the main plugins array.
addOns: [
'@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-foo',
{
resolve: '@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-bar',
options: {
// ...
},
},
],
}),
],
};

Theme Overrides

Overrides files using Gatsby theme shadowing, to inject functionalities to specific parts of the theme.

Usage

To use this feature, the website must mimic the folder structure of the Gatsby theme and list the files in the overrides folder that should be overridden.

src
└── @commercetools-docs
└── gatsby-theme-docs
└── overrides
├── markdown-components.js
├── page-header-side.js
└── use-additional-site-data.js

Note that Gatsby shadowing works with any file in the theme. However, the theme provides an explicit stable extension point that is the overrides folder. Users of the theme should use this extension point only instead of relying on theme-internal file system paths that can potentially change any time.

Available overrides

  • markdown-components: allows to pass React components to be injected in the content pages.

    import MyCustomComponent from '../../../components/my-custom-component';
    const markdownComponents = {
    MyCustomComponent,
    };
    export default markdownComponents;

    With this, in the *.mdx content pages the <MyCustomComponent> is available to use.

  • page-header-side: allows to render something in the top-right corner of a content page. Any valid React component should be default exported.

  • use-additional-site-data: allows to return custom site metadata using React hooks. The data is merged with the default siteMetadata of the Gatsby theme and can be accessed using the useSiteData hook.

    import { useStaticQuery, graphql } from 'gatsby';
    // This website defines the `repositoryUrl` value in the `siteMetadata` config.
    // Therefore, we query those extra values and return them.
    const useAdditionalSiteData = () => {
    const data = useStaticQuery(graphql`
    query GetAdditionalSiteData {
    site {
    siteMetadata {
    repositoryUrl
    }
    }
    }
    `);
    return data.site.siteMetadata;
    };
    export default useAdditionalSiteData;

Helpful Components & Functions

The theme additionally exports some React components and functions that are useful to build custom views in your website. Two hooks allow to build components that can be placed into MDX files while still having access to all necessary data:

  • usePageData provides frontmatter values or their defaults and other page-level metadata like the table of contents.
  • useSiteData provides site wide metadata.
import {
Markdown,
Spacings,
useSiteData,
usePageData,
} from '@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-docs';
const MyComponent = () => {
const siteData = useSiteData();
const pageData = usePageData();
return (
<Spacings.Stack>
<Markdown.H1>{siteData.siteMetadata.title}</Markdown.H1>
<Markdown.Paragraph>{'Hello, world!'}</Markdown.Paragraph>
{usePageData.beta ? (
<Warning>Beta!</Warning>
) : (
<Info>Generally available</Info>
)}
</Spacings.Stack>
);
};
export default MyComponent;

Gatsby Theme Add-On for API docs

This theme provides components in MDX to render API info from RAML spec files.

It is a feature add-on to @commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-docs and is not usable standalone.

Installation

npx install-peerdeps --dev @commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-api-docs

Usage

In your gatsby-config.js:

const {
configureThemeWithAddOns,
} = require('@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-docs/configure-theme');
module.exports = {
// ... other site config
plugins: [
...configureThemeWithAddOns({
// ... other theme config
addOns: [
{
resolve: '@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-api-docs',
options: {
transformerRaml: {
includeApis: ['example'],
moveTypePropertiesToTop: ['id'],
moveTypePropertiesToBottom: ['custom'],
},
},
},
],
}),
],
};

Plugin Options

Generating the required canonical RAML form

Use the @commercetools-docs/rmf-codegen RAML_DOC target output to generate RAML API specifications in the canonical file layout required by this plugin. It does an (any valid) RAML to (canonical flattened) RAML conversion allowing the gatsbyJS plugin to handle the RAML literally without parsing or resolving.

Example call:

npx rmf-codegen generate ./websites/api-docs-smoke-test/source-raml/test/api.raml --output-folder ./websites/api-docs-smoke-test/src/api-specs/test --target RAML_DOC

In gatsby develop mode, add the --watch option to the rmf-codegen command to continuously regenerate the canonical output while editing the original RAML.

Path Convention ./src/api-specs/

RAML spec files have to be added in the ./src/api-specs/ folder of the website. This directory is required and is automatically generated when the plugin runs.

The file location determines the apiKey through which it can be addressed:

  • src/api-specs/foo.raml -> apiKey foo
  • src/api-specs/bar/api.raml -> apiKey bar
  • src/api-specs/baz/baz.raml -> apiKey baz

Overriding the location of certain API types

If you want to override the location to link to for certain API data types, create a file called type-locations.yaml under the src/data folder of the website. This can be useful to choose manual markdown based documentation for certain types or to link ot shared types used on other websites like public standards. Use the following format to override the type locations:

- api: import
locations:
- type: AssetDimensions
href: /product-variant#assetdimensions
- type: DiscountedPrice
href: /../other-microsite/order#discountedprice
- api: history
locations:
- type: LocalizedLabel
href: https://example.com/some/other/location/on/the/web
  • api -> Name of the api where the types are located.
  • locations -> List of type locations you want to override.
  • type -> Name of the type to override.
  • href -> Your custom link.

Using UI components in MDX

Because the API documentation components load the complete API specification data, they are not automatically injected into the MDX provider but have to be imported explicitly.

By convention it's recommended that websites define a /shortcodes.js module that can then be addressed in the MDX pages:

export {
ApiType,
ApiEndpoint,
ApiEndpointsForResource,
} from '@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-api-docs';

The package exposes the following components:

  • <ApiType>: Renders an API type.
import { ApiType } from '/shortcodes';
{
/*
apiKey - name of the specs directory
type - name of the api type
hideInheritedProperties - optional prop that hides properties inherited from parent type except discriminator
*/
}
<ApiType apiKey="test" type="ExamplesTestType" hideInheritedProperties />;
  • <ApiEndpoint>: Renders an API endpoint.
import { ApiEndpoint } from '/shortcodes';
{
/*
apiKey - name of the specs directory
resource - path of the endpoint
method - endpoint method e.g. get, post, delete.
title - optional title to render
*/
}
<ApiEndpoint
apiKey="test"
resource="/{projectKey}/resource/artificially-complex/path/uri-parameter-one={uriParameterOne}/{uriParameterTwo}"
method="POST"
title="<optional>"
/>;
  • <ApiEndpointsForResource>: Renders all endpoints of an API resource.
import { ApiEndpointsForResource } from '/shortcodes';
{
/*
apiKey - name of the specs directory
resource - path of the resource
*/
}
<ApiEndpointsForResource apiKey="test" resource="/{projectKey}/resource" />;

Resource Query Paramesters of Array Type

All query parameters of array type are not rendered as arrays. Only the type (for example String) of the array items is rendered along with additional text in the description that reads The parameter can be passed multiple times..

Gatsby Theme Add-On for Code Examples

This theme provides components in MDX to render code examples from files, optionally in multiple programming languages.

It is a feature add-on to @commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-docs and is not usable standalone.

Installation

npx install-peerdeps --dev @commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-code-examples

Usage

In your gatsby-config.js:

const {
configureThemeWithAddOns,
} = require('@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-docs/configure-theme');
module.exports = {
// ... other site config
plugins: [
...configureThemeWithAddOns({
// ... other theme config
addOns: ['@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-code-examples'],
}),
],
};

Example files must be added in the ./src/code-examples/ folder of the website. That folder is automatically generated when the plugin runs.

Supported MIME Types

  • application/javascript (JavaScript)
  • text/x-java-source (Java)
  • application/json (JSON)
  • application/x-httpd-php (PHP)
  • application/x-sh (Shell / Bash)
  • video/mp2t (not actually TypeScript, but gatsbyJS represents .ts files as this mime type)
  • text/yaml (YAML)
  • text/vnd.curl (cURL)

In addition the following are included to cover languages with no explicit mime type (for example C#)

  • application/octet-stream
  • text/plain

Using UI components in Markdown

The package exposes the following components in the MDX context:

  • <CodeExample>
  • <MultiCodeExample>

Then in your MDX files:

<MultiCodeExample title="Multilanguage Code Samples">
<CodeExample path="example.js" highlightLines={[3]} />
<CodeExample path="example.java"/>
<CodeExample path="example.console" noPromptLines={[3, 4]} />
</MultiCodeExample>
<CodeExample path="example.js" title="JavaScript Code Sample" />

In addition to path, the <CodeExample> component supports all custom parameters that can be passed to fenced code blocks in the base theme

Gatsby Theme Add-On for Constants

This theme exposes components in MDX to render constant values centrally defined in data files. Use cases include centrally managing limits and defaults of the documented product.

It is a feature add-on to @commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-docs and is not usable standalone.

Installation

npx install-peerdeps --dev @commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-constants

Usage

In your gatsby-config.js:

const {
configureThemeWithAddOns,
} = require('@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-docs/configure-theme');
module.exports = {
// ... other site config
plugins: [
...configureThemeWithAddOns({
// ... other theme config
addOns: ['@commercetools-docs/gatsby-theme-constants'],
}),
],
};

The YAML data files containing the constant data points must be added to the ./src/constants folder of the website. This folder is automatically generated when the plugin runs.

YAML file format

For example, to centrally manage limits of your product, add a file src/constants/limits.yaml with content in the following format:

- name: jsonSize
number: 64
text: megabytes
- name: slugLength
number: 256
- name: slugPattern
text: "[a-zA-Z0-9_\\-]{2,256}"

The filename without extension becomes the "type" of the constant when addressing it. Multiple files are supported.

Using the UI component in content

The package exposes the following components in the MDX context:

  • <Constant>

Then in your MDX files include the constant value in arbitrary places:

<Constant type="limits" name="slugLength"/>

If both a text and a number value are provided, the text is rendered after the number, separated by a non-breaking space to allow using the text as a unit of measure for the number.